The Boruca Hydroelectric Project
related to this project began in the 1970s. According to the Newspaper
La Nación (May 21, 2000) the work, valued at US$
1,500 million, will commence in 2003 and seven years later, the
head office will come into operation. Because the Costa Rican
Institute of Electricity (ICE) does not have the necessary economic
resources to finance the project, they are seeking strategic alliances
with big foreign companies, inside the framework of the privatization
policy of the current government and the predominant neo-liberal
According to ICE, the Boruca Hydroelectric Project will have
the following dimensions:
The energy produced cannot be consumed by the country, instead
it will be exported to other countries in Central America, as
far as Mexico. An alternative project suggested, called Lower
Boruca, comprises only 60 Km² and would produce one half
of the energy.
ecologists and other groups question the sense of the Project
and the economical benefit to Costa Rica and its people, alleging
that the foreign investors will take the majority of the earnings.
Some of those affected are hoping for substantial compensation
and good work options. However, a document exists according to
which the indigenous population, due to lack of technical training,
cannot participate in the construction.
This project will affect 7 indigenous reserves in the region,
at least because of the climatic changes it will involve, and
it will completely flood the area of Rey Curré. They will
have to relocate several populations and the existing infrastructures
(including 60Km of the InterAmerican Highway).